Logo Panorama

ВНИМАНИЕ. Данный материал не предназначен лицам не достигнувшим совершеннолетия (18+).

Нажав на ПРОДОЛЖИТЬ Вы подтверждаете, что вам 18 лет и старше. Иначе нажмите ВЕРНУТЬСЯ

Warning - this item might contain content that is not suitable for all ages.

By clicking on CONTINUE you confirm that you are 18 years and over. Or else return back

25.02.2013

Piranha III APC in ceramic underpants

.

Piranha III – is a third-generation of armored personnel carrier produced by the Swiss company Mowag Motorwagenfabriken, which is now a subsidiary of one of Canada`s largest manufacturers of military and aerospace vehicles General Dynamics European Land Systems. At this moment the corporation is developing a fourth generation of Piranha, and has already been released the first prototypes of Piranha IV.

image

Since the Swiss APC’s serial production, that is from the beginning of 1970s, the total number of sold units approached 8,000 units. Piranha III entered service in 16 countries. General Dynamics European Land Systems (formerly it was General Motors Defense) also releases a version of Piranha III known as the LAV III. In Chile and the UK (BAE Systems Land Systems) there was also released a small batch of cars under the license. However, the suspension elements and mechanical driveline are always Swiss.

Piranha’a wheel formulae can range from 6x6, 8x8 up to 10x10. BAE Systems Land Systems has the right to produce only 8 - and 10-wheeled armored personnel carrier. And the most common armored car is 8-wheel one.

image

Piranha III may be more than only the armored personnel carriers. It can serve as command vehicle, fire support, reconnaissance, repair and recovery vehicle, mortar carrier, ambulance, observation, mortar fire control centre and load carrier.

image

There are an engine compartment and the driver`s seat in the forward part of the Piranha’s hull. This gives the maximum space for useable internal volume and provides good access through hatches. Piranha III has useable internal volume at 10.2 m3, and its modification Piranha IIIC at 12 m3.

image

Piranha has a thin-walled monocoque construction (e.g., without an internal frame), which provides a low level of ballistic protection. This assumes that the customer would optionally order the add-on body armoring. Regardless of the vehicle configuration, all the Piranha are covered with aramid shatter protection. This strengthens the body and reduces the aftermaths of penetration.

image

Add-on armoring, in its turn, is made from high strength steel. This armor protects the crew from NATO standard 7.62 bullets or 7.62 armor piercing bullet at 100 meters distance shot. Optional protection can be increased by additional steel plates. For Piranha III it is a ceramic armor produced by German company Mexas. 1700-kg Mexas armor provides the crew the highest degree of ballistic protection, namely it saves their "skins" from the shots of armor-piercing bullets B32 with diameter in 4.5mm (with steel core) from all sides. But the future-going 25-ton Piranha IV with heavy armor protection will stand up against the 25-mm armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS), and 30-mm BPS on the frontal arc of ±30º.

image

Piranha IIIC version has a simple set of protection – APC can stand 6-kilo blast of TNT under the bottom or 8-kg TNT explosion under one of its wheels. Piranha IV can stand 8-kilo blast of TNT under the bottom, and 8-10-kg TNT explosion under one of the wheels. Additionally, you can order 75 kg/m2 protection against penetrating of TMRP-type 6 bombs.

image

The gross vehicle weight of Piranha III is 22,000 kg, of which 8 tons can consist of cargo. Compared to previous versions, the advantages of Piranha III is in improved construction of floor, such as its components in troop compartment are made from fiberglass. When a mine explodes this fiberglass component of the floor absorbs energy and protects the paratroopers feet. The further development of engineering mind find its shelter in the Piranha IV. All the seats, including driver’s seat and pedals, are mounted there on the APC ceiling, not on its floor as usual, to reduce the effect of blast wave.

image

image

Piranha III ground clearance is 0.45 m. But there is an height adjustable hydropneumatic suspension installed in the APC, which can increase the clearance up to 0.73 m. Each front four wheels of Piranha IIIC have independent spring suspensions with transversal swinging arm and four rear wheels have torsion plates with trailing arm. Piranha IV is equipped with hydropneumatic suspension springs for all eight wheels. The last pair of wheels has a hydraulic powertrain, what reduces the turning radius from 19.8 to 15.4 m.

image

All the Piranha APC have a kernel cardan drive. In Piranha IIIC the front two axles switch off when there is no need in all-wheel drive. The same situation is in the Piranha III the fourth and the first axles are switch off.

Piranha III is equipped with a central tire inflation system and wears a 400-horsepower (298 kW) 6-cylinder Caterpillar C9 diesel engine with working volume at 8.8 liters, along with an 8-speed ZF 7HP602 transmission (7 forward and 1 reverse gear). Heavier Piranha IV runs on 544-horsepower MTU 6V199TE20 engine with ZF Ecomat transmission.

image

In Piranha III armament there are a 12.7 mm heavy machine gun, 105-mm tank gun and 120-mm mortar. The basic package includes only the machine gun.

Piranha III APC specs

Parameter

Piranha III

Piranha IIIС

Piranha III amphibian

Ready for operation weight, t

16,5

14

14

Payload capacity, t

5,5

8

8

Gross vehicle weight, t

22

22

22

Length, m

7,24

7,30

7,30

Height, m

2,70

2,20

2,20

Width, m

2,66

2,66

2,66

Ground clearance, m

0,45

0,45

0,45

Angle of approach

41º

42º

42º

Angle of departure

35º

38º

38º

Number of seats

4+1 emergency

13

13

Air transportability

-

C-130

C-130

Top speed, km/h

100

100

100

Speed in water, km/h

-

10

10

Creep speed, km/h

3

3

3

Gradient, %

60

60

60

Side slope, %

30

30

30

Climbing ability, m

0,60

0,60

0,60

Fording depth, m

1,40

1,50

1,50

Trench crossing ability, m

2,00

2,00

2,00

Turning circle diameter, m

18,5 ± 1

18,00

18,00

Mileage, km

640

750

750

Voltage, V

24

24

24

Engine model

CATERPILLAR C9

CATERPILLAR C9

CATERPILLAR C9

Type of engine

diesel

diesel

diesel

Engine output, kW

298

336

294

Torque, Nm

1600

1850

1600

Transmission

ZF (7 gears)

ZF (7 gears)

ZF (7 gears)

Type of transmission

automatic

automatic

automatic

image

PS: In January 2013 General Dynamics has won a 65-million contract from the Colombian Ministry of Defence for the supply of 24units of LAV III armored personnel carrier with a double V-Hull floor (as in Stryker – the USA version of the LAV III) and increased armour. (author - W-shaped design of the floor is equal to double layer of armor plate). Delivery date of the first exclusive LAV III is May 2014. So, the Piranha III progress is only accelerating.

More photos


www.mainpump.com

Print

DAILY NEWS

Kyushu Seven Stars

Luxury sleeper cruise train Kyushu Seven Stars

Crane KS-8973


Industrial Espionage: Renault Trucks secretly created the Long Distance, Heavy Construction and Distribution Range...


The fastest personal jet Saker S-1


Transformers 4 reincarnated into 2013 Western Star 4900 SB



Military

Liebherr G-BKF

Liebherr armored crane G-BKF

 

Polaris military vehicles MV860


Turkish scorpion: Akrep Otokar


Indian COLT is a military vehicle


BAE Systems Terrier combat engineer vehicle



Articles Articles

Super Stallion 6x6

Indians Armament: Super Stallion

 

Tetrapan enters in service


LRSVM Multiple launcher


You have never seen anything like this


The Chinese have their own «Apache»!